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ICJ makes ruling on environmental protection – Pulp Mills ...

The ICJ held that Uruguay breached its procedural obligations under a bilateral treaty to co-operate with Argentina and the Administrative Commission of the River Uruguay ("CARU") during its plans to build two pulp mills on the River Uruguay. However, Argentina did not win the second and more significant limb of its case, which was the ...


Utilization of Kraft Pulp Mill Waste - TAPPI

In this case nitrogen may become immobilized within the tissue of soil microorganisms, and therefore unavailable for plant uptake. Composting of the sludge or the addition of nitrogen can alleviate this deficiency. A pulp mill of Resolute Forest Products, Canada, was adding 2.7 kg of nitrogen per dry ton of sludge prior to land application in ...


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Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay ...

Summary: In the Pulp Mills decision, the International Court of Justice made several important precisions with respect to environmental impact assessments' status in international law. In particular, the Court held that: " [..], the obligation to protect and preserve, under Article 41 (a) of the Statute, has to be interpreted in accordance ...


The Pulp Mills Case: A Brief Commentary in International ...

Abstract. This paper deals with the cellulose plant conflict between Uruguay and Argentina. When Uruguay authorized the construction of two pulp mills on its territory – though in the end only one cellulose plant was built – it did not take into account Argentinean rights on the basis of a bilateral treaty agreed by both parties in 1975 (the Statute of the River Uruguay).


Energy Cost Reduction in the Pulp and Paper Industry

In each case the energy consumption for a modern mill was determined using current proven technology and compared with that for existing Canadian mills [2]. THE MODEL KRAFT MARKET PULP MILL The model kraft market pulp mill produces fully bleached market pulp from wood chips transported from local sawmills. It utilizes the most


U.S. PULP AND PAPER MILLS ONLINE DATABASE

This database contains information on 655 U.S. mills. (310 pulp mills and pulp & paper mills, and 345 mills producing only paper). Entry Information: • Type of mill: pulp and pulp & paper, or paper only • Mill location: city, state • Mill owner (corporation owning the mill + which is the actual owner of the mill in case of subsidiaries)


Controlling sulfidity in a modern kraft pulp mill, case study

Controlling sulfidity in a modern kraft pulp mill, case study. Many years ago, the kraft pulping liquor circuit used sodium sulfate salt as the main make-up source of cooking chemicals. The make-up chemical has given its name to the …


Case concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay …

By an application filed on 4 May 2006, Argentina instituted proceedings against the Uruguay for the alleged breach by Uruguay of obligations under the Statute of the River Uruguay, which was signed by Argentina and Uruguay from 26 February 1975. Such breach was said to arise from "the authorization, construction and future commissioning of two pulp mills on the …


Guaíba odorless pulp mill in successful operation, a case ...

Guaíba odorless pulp mill in successful operation, a case study. The sulphur in the cooking process can result in bad odor in the surroundings of a Kraft pulp mill. Together with the odor, sulphur compounds can also be an …


Pulp Mills Case History | Control Instruments Corporation

Pulp Mills Case History. The Customer. The Company manufactures and markets bleached paperboard for the high end segment of the packaging industry. Their Customers convert the paperboard into a variety of end products, including packaging for liquids, food products, pharmaceuticals, toiletries, paper cups and plates, blister packaging and other ...


Pulp Mills Case Icj Judgment - elbe.at

Christopher Greenwood, Albert Hoffmann, James Kateka and Rüdiger Wolfrum. Orion mill in general norm on them in these regimes of specific customary law commission on clarifying and a pulp mills case icj judgment, a much of a more. CIEL pursues its mission through legal research and advocacy, education and training, while connecting global


The Pulp Mills Case - ResearchGate

The Pulp Mills Case. August 2010. Authors: Ilias Plakokefalos. Ilias Plakokefalos. This person is not on ResearchGate, or hasn't claimed this research yet. Request full-text PDF. To read the full ...


Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay …

Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v Uruguay) (Judgment) [2010] ICJ Rep (20 April 2010) DONALD K ANTON* Introduction1 On 4 May 2006, Argentina initiated proceedings against Uruguay in the International Court of Justice ('ICJ'). In its application, Argentina alleged that Uruguay had breached its


Pulp and paper mill wastes: utilizations and prospects for ...

A wide variety of biomass is available all around the world. Most of the biomass exists as a by-product from manufacturing industries. Pulp and paper mills contribute to a higher amount of these biomasses mostly discarded in the landfills creating an environmental burden. Biomasses from other sources have been used to produce different kinds and grades of biomaterials such …


Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay …

Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay) 5 International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora,30 the 1971 Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance,31 the 1992 United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity,32 and the 2001 Stockholm Convention on …


Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v

Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay); January 23, 2007 ... have no bearing on future decisions made on the merits of Argentina's case and declared that the parties were obligated to act in good faith under the 1975 Statute until a settlement is reached.


Case Study: Pulp and Paper Mill - UTComp: Composite …

Case Study: Pulp and Paper Mill. January 8, 2019. Pulp and Paper Mill. OVERVIEW. A study of the washer with a cracked panel. An external inspection of a Pulp and Paper Bleach Washer was completed as part of the UTComp® System …


Pulp and Paper Mills - International Finance Corporation

Pulp mills and paper mills may exist separately or as integrated operations. Manufactured pulp is used as a source of cellu- ... case of chemical pulps (kraft and sulfite), the objective of bleaching is to remove the small frac-tion of the lignin remaining after cooking. Oxy-


Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Arg. v. Uru.), 2010 I.C.J ...

Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Arg. v. Uru.), 2010 I.C.J. (Apr. 20) Represented By: ... transmitted those assessments to Argentina after having issued the initial environmental authorizations for the two mills in question. Thus in the case of CMB (ENCE), the matter was notified to Argentina on 27 October and 7 November 2003, whereas the ...


Solved In the Pulp Mills case (Argentina v. Uruguay), the ...

In the Pulp Mills case (Argentina v. Uruguay), the ICJ considered that the EU best available technology (BAT) standards for pulp mills could be applied because: the parties had accepted these standards through subsequent agreement for the purpose of assessing the due diligence obligation to prevent pollution; the due diligence obligation to prevent pollution was to be …


Alan Boyle ∗∗∗∗ Intro: Pulp Mills – the obligation to do ...

the first case to consider the content of such an EIA. The case arose out of the construction of a wood pulp mill in Uruguay. Effluent from the mill would be discharged into the River Uruguay, which forms the border with Argentina. There is no reference to EIA in the 1975 Statute of the River Uruguay, the applicable law in the dispute, nor are


Experiences in the first pulp mill project submitted to ...

construction of a new Kraft pulp mill with a 550,000 tonne/year output capacity, which would make a significant contribution to the national economy (investment is estimated at US1.3 billion), given the fact that it would generate major revenues from export sales on …


Judgments | Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v ...

Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay) Cases Previous Next Overview of the case Institution of proceedings ... Other documents Orders Judgments Summaries of Judgments and Orders Press releases See other cases involving Argentina Uruguay See other cases involving Provisional measures Judgments Judgment of 20 April …


Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay ...

Argentina institutes proceedings against Uruguay, 4-5-2006 Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay): Court fixes time-limits, 17-9-2007 Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay: Press release, 13-07-2006 River Uruguay case (Argentina v.


Pulp Mills Case - International and Comparative Law …

Pulp Mills Case: A Commentary Alan Boyle 1 I want to discuss the decision's significance for international environmental law and general international law. Not going to talk about merits of the case. Obviously as counsel for Uruguay I am very pleased indeed with the outcome, but my perspective today will simply be that of an academic with a


Argentina v. Uruguay (Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the ...

Get Argentina v. Uruguay (Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay), 2010 I.C.J. 135 (Apr. 20), International Court of Justice, case facts, key issues, and holdings and reasonings online today. Written and curated by real attorneys at Quimbee.


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Latest developments | Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay ...

Overview of the case On 4 May 2006, Argentina filed an Application instituting proceedings against Uruguay concerning alleged breaches by Uruguay of obligations incumbent upon it under the Statute of the River Uruguay, a treaty signed by the two States on 26 February 1975 (hereinafter "the 1975 Statute") for the purpose of establishing the joint machinery …